workshop of illumination
QueDuring the Middle Ages in Europe
all knowledge of polychrome painting on wood panels passed
down from the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt,
Greece and Rome was largely forgotten.
However the technique was to an
extent preserved in monasteries and generously passed
on by friars, who taught the value of knowledge of the
art, putting it on a par with the other scientific disciplines
such as history and chemistry.
Reintroduced in Europe by the Moors
throughout Spain and Southern Italy, these techniques
started growing in popularity again during the 12th and
13th centuries thanks to Italian merchants, mainly from
Venice, Genoa, Pisa, Amalfi and Ragusa.
The ancient masters have left us
priceless masterpieces of great beauty, which survived
through history and time; this is a sign of great wisdom
and skill in the use of ancient materials such as casein
chalk, egg white, milk, animal glue, etc.
The aim of the course is the study
of these works, the appreciation of the methods used and
the analysis of the recipes for the preparation of materials
used in antiquity, in order to allow students to reconstruct
the creative process and thus have a correct approach
-Techniques, methods and materials in antique polychrome
decoration of different subtrates: binders and pigments.
-Comparison of wooden sculptures from Egypt, Spain, Italy
(slides and originals)
-Practical exercise utilising antique techniques